Deploy on Debian
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    Deploy on Debian

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    Article summary

    Preparation steps

    Depending on the version of Rocket.Chat you want to install, check the release notes to see the supported engine versions for MongoDB and NodeJs, and install as recommended.

    • Install MongoDB

      Please refer to the official MongoDB documentation on how to install MongoDB on Debian. For the list of supported versions, see our documentation here.

    • Install NodeJS

      Follow the official guide to install NodeJS on a Debian system. Check out our page on supported node versions for your specific version. You can also use third-party tools like nvm or n.

    When deploying MongoDB, it is crucial to secure MongoDB instances and close all MongoDB ports from public access. Unsecured instances can lead to significant security vulnerabilities. Your vigilance in these practices is essential for maintaining the integrity and safety of your systems.

    Install Rocket.Chat on Debian

    • Update your system by running this command:

    sudo apt -y update
    sudo apt -y upgrade
    • Install required packages/dependencies:

    sudo apt install -y curl build-essential graphicsmagick
    • To download the latest Rocket.Chat version run the following command:

    curl -L -o /tmp/

    You can also use wgetto download Rocket.Chat with this command:

    wget -O /tmp/

    To download a specific version, replace latest the version number.

    wget -O /tmp/
    • Extract the archive with tar:

    tar xzf /tmp/ -C /tmp

    You should now see a new directory under /tmp named bundle.

    • Next, install all the node dependencies:

    When executing npm install, it is recommended to operate using a non-root account. Alternatively, you can utilize the npm install --unsafe-perm command. This approach eliminates the necessity for building libc or upgrading the host system.

    (cd /tmp/bundle/programs/server; npm i)

    /tmp has been a temporary non-root user-writable location to prepare the bundle. For this guide, we're going to use /opt to be the final location but you can choose any other. Whatever may it be, if not /opt, make sure you change the location in all the other places it is specified.

    sudo mv /tmp/bundle /opt/Rocket.Chat

    Configure the Rocket.Chat service

    • Add the rocketchat user, and set the right permissions on the Rocket.Chat folder.

    sudo useradd -M rocketchat && sudo usermod -L rocketchat
    • Create the Rocket.Chat service file:

    sudo chown -R rocketchat:rocketchat /opt/Rocket.Chat
    • Depending on how you install NodeJS, the binary path may be different. Save the path to a variable.

    NODE_PATH=$(which node)
    • Now, save the systemd service file.

    cat << EOF |sudo tee -a /lib/systemd/system/rocketchat.service
    Description=The Rocket.Chat server nginx.service mongod.service
    ExecStart=$NODE_PATH /opt/Rocket.Chat/main.js

    The command above will create a barebone service file, this service file is what systemd will use to start your Rocket.Chat daemon/process.

    Passing environment variables

    • Pass some environment variables to the running process. See Rocket.Chat environmental variables for more details. To update the Rocket.Chat file, run the following command :

    sudo systemctl edit rocketchat
    • Update the text editor with the information below and save.


    Additional steps for installing 6.10 release

    If you’re installing version 6.10, run these additional commands:

    mkdir -p /home/rocketchat/.cache
    cd PATH_TO_ROCKETCHAT_INSTALLATION/programs/server/npm/node_modules/
    export DENO_DIR=/home/rocketchat/.cache/deno
    npm install --production
    npm run postinstall
    chown -R rocketchat:rocketchat /home/rocketchat

    MongoDB configuration

    • Open the MongoDB config file (/etc/mongod.conf) in your preferred text editor.

    nano /etc/mongod.conf
    • Set the storage engine to wiredTiger.

      engine: wiredTiger
    • Enable replication, and name the replicaset rs01.

      replSetName: rs01

    The MongoDB replica set is mandatory for Rocket.Chat > 1.0.0.

    Your MongoDB config file should look something like the following:

      dbPath: /var/lib/mongodb
        enabled: true
      engine: wiredTiger
      destination: file
      logAppend: true
      path: /var/log/mongodb/mongod.log
      port: 27017
      fork: true
      timeZoneInfo: /usr/share/zoneinfo
      replSetName: rs01

    Read the official documentation for a complete list of available MongoDB config options.

    • Start MongoDB with the following command:

    sudo systemctl enable --now mongod
    • Then, initiate replica set with this command:

    mongo --eval "printjson(rs.initiate())"
    • You can start your Rocket.Chat workspace now using this command:

    sudo systemctl enable --now rocketchat

    Configure your Rocket.Chat server

    To access your Rocket.Chat workspace, open a web browser and navigate to the specified ROOT URL ( Follow the configuration prompts to configure your workspace.

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