Rocket.Chat on Debian

This installation guide was tested in the following environment:

  • Rocket.Chat 3.9.0

  • OS: Debian 9.7

  • Mongodb 4.0.9

  • NodeJS 12.18.4

Install necessary dependency packages

Update package list and configure apt to install the official MongoDB packages with the following repository file:

sudo apt-get -y update
sudo apt-get install -y dirmngr gnupg && sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp:// --recv 9DA31620334BD75D9DCB49F368818C72E52529D4
echo "deb stretch/mongodb-org/4.0 main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-4.0.list

Configure Node.js to be installed via package manager:

sudo apt-get -y update && sudo apt-get install -y curl && curl -sL | sudo bash -

Install build tools, MongoDB, nodejs, fontconfig and graphicsmagick:

sudo apt-get install -y build-essential mongodb-org nodejs fontconfig graphicsmagick

Using npm install inherits and n, and the node version required by Rocket.Chat:

sudo npm install -g inherits n && sudo n 12.18.4

Install Rocket.Chat

Download the latest Rocket.Chat version:

curl -L -o /tmp/
tar -xzf /tmp/ -C /tmp

Install (this guide uses /opt but feel free to choose a different directory):

cd /tmp/bundle/programs/server && npm install
sudo mv /tmp/bundle /opt/Rocket.Chat

Configure the Rocket.Chat service

Add the rocketchat user, set the right permissions on the Rocket.Chat folder and create the Rocket.Chat service file:

sudo useradd -M rocketchat && sudo usermod -L rocketchat
sudo chown -R rocketchat:rocketchat /opt/Rocket.Chat
cat << EOF |sudo tee -a /lib/systemd/system/rocketchat.service
Description=The Rocket.Chat server nginx.service mongod.service
ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/node /opt/Rocket.Chat/main.js
Environment=MONGO_URL=mongodb://localhost:27017/rocketchat?replicaSet=rs01 MONGO_OPLOG_URL=mongodb://localhost:27017/local?replicaSet=rs01 ROOT_URL=http://localhost:3000/ PORT=3000

Open the Rocket.Chat service file just created (/lib/systemd/system/rocketchat.service) using sudo and your favourite text editor, and change the ROOT_URL environmental variable to reflect the URL you want to use for accessing the server (optionally change MONGO_URL, MONGO_OPLOG_URL and PORT):


Setup storage engine and replication for MongoDB (mandatory for versions > 1), and enable and start MongoDB and Rocket.Chat:

sudo sed -i "s/^# engine:/ engine: wiredTiger/" /etc/mongod.conf
sudo sed -i "s/^#replication:/replication:\n replSetName: rs01/" /etc/mongod.conf
sudo systemctl enable mongod && sudo systemctl start mongod
mongo --eval "printjson(rs.initiate())"
sudo systemctl enable rocketchat && sudo systemctl start rocketchat

Optional configurations

Configure firewall rule Configure a HTTP reverse proxy to access Rocket.Chat server [Configure mongo access control] [Configure production values for mongodb]

Configure your Rocket.Chat server

Open a web browser and access the configured ROOT_URL (, follow the configuration steps to set an admin account and your organization and server info.